The most characteristic mammals of the African savannah are antelopes, with more than two dozen species present in Tanzania alone ranging in size from the ox-like eland to the diminutive duikers. Taxonomists place antelope in the order Bovidae, along with cattle, Buffalos and goats, as well as deer, from whuch they most obviously differ in having permanent horns rather than seasonal antlers.

Sable Antelope in Swahali: pala hala (Hippotragus niger)

Shoulders height: 135 cm; weight: 230 kg. The male sable is jet black with a white-striped face, underbelly and rump, and long decurved horns. Females are chestnut brown with shorter horns. One of the main strongholds for Africa’s asble population is Miombo woodland of southern Tanzania. It also occurs further north in Saadani National Park, but id virtually absent from northern Tanzania's safari circuit.

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