Common jackal in Swhahili: mbweha (Canis aureus)
Shoulder height: 40–50 cm; weight: 8–14 kg. Also known as the Eurasian or golden jackal, this is a predominantly Eurasian and North African species whose range extends as far south as the Serengeti and Ngorongoro. It is cryptically coloured but relatively pale with a black tail tip, and is the most commonly seen jackal inside Ngorongoro Crater, thanks to its relatively diurnal habits. A genetic study published in 2015 suggests that the African population of common jackal is actually a separate species from its Eurasian counterpart, and is more closely related to wolves than to other jackals.