Black rhinoceros in Swahili: kifaru (Diceros bicornis)
Shoulder height: 160 cm; weight: 1,000 kg. This is more widespread of Africa’s two rhino species, an imposing, sometimes rather aggressive creature that has been poached to extinction in most of its former range and now has a global population of around 4,000. Contrary to its name, it has smooth grey skin and is no darker in colour than extralimital white rhino (whose name is derivative of the Dutch weit (wide), a reference to the square lips that enable it to crop grass efficiently). Also known as the hook-lipped rhino, the black occurs in many southern African reserves but is now very localised in Tanzania, where it is most likely to be seen in the Ngorongoro Crater.