Black-backed jackal in Swahili: mbweha (Canis mesomelas)
Shoulder height: 35–45 cm; weight 8–12 kg. The black-backed (or silver-backed) jackal is an opportunistic feeder capable of adapting to most habitats. Most often seen singly or in pair at dusk or dawn, it is ochre in colour with a prominent black saddle flecked by a varying amount of white or gold. It is one of the most frequently observed small predator in Africa south of the Zambezi, and its eerie call is a characteristic sound of the bush at night. It is the commonest jackal in Tanzanian reserves.