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60 Top-Most Wild Animals in Tanzania National Parks

Wildlife in Tanzania – Tanzania Animals

Leopard in Tanzania


The powerful leopard is the most solitary and secretive of Africa’s large cat species. It hunts using steath and power, often getting to within five metres of its intended prey before pouncing, and it habitually stores its kill in the tree to keep it from hyenas and lions …

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Lions in Tanzania


The lion is one animal that everybody hopes to see on safari. It is a sociable creature, living in pride of five to 20 animals and depending on a territory of 20 km2 to 200 km2. Lion hunt at night and there favoured prey is large or medium antelope such as wildebeest and impala …

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Cheetah in Tanzania


Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Swahili: duma. Shoulder height: 70–80 cm; weight: 50–60 kg. This remarkable spotted cat has a greyhound-like build and is capable of running at 120 km/h (75 mph) in bursts, making it the world’s fastest land animal …

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Serval Cat in Tanzania


Serval (Leptailurus serval) Swahili: mondo. Shoulder height: 55 cm; weight: 12–15 kg. Smaller than but with a similar built to a cheetah, the largely nocturnal serval has black-on-gold spots giving way to streaking near the head …

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African Wild Cat in Tanzania

African Wild Cat

African wild cat (Felis sylvestris) Swahili: chapaku. Shoulder height: 35 cm; weight: 2.5–4.5 kg. Ranging from the Mediterranean to the Cape of Good Hope, the African wild cat is similar in appearance to – and probably ancestral to – its domestic namesake …

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African Wild Dog in Tanzania

African Wild Dog

African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) Swahili: mbwa mwitu. Shoulder height: 70 cm; weight: 25 kg. Also known as the African hunting dog or painted dog, the wild dog is distinguished from other African canids by its large size and cryptic black, brown and cream coat …

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Bat-eared Fox in Tanzania

Bat-eared Fox

Bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) Swahili: bweha masikio. Shoulder height: 30–35 cm; weight: 35 kg …

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Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsirymnus) Swahili: kuro. Shoulder height: 130 cm; weight: 250–270 kg. The waterbuck is easily recognised by its shaggy brown coat and the male’s large lyre-shaped horns …

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Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) Swahili: ngiri. Shoulder height: 60–70 cm; weight: 100 kg. This widespread and often conspicuously abundant resident of the African savannah is grey in colour with a thin covering of hairs, wart-like bumps on its face, and rather large upward-curving tusks …

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Vervet Monkey

An atypical guenon in that it inhabits savannah and woodland rather than true forest, the vervet spends a high proportion of its time on the ground and in most of its range could be confused only with the much larger and heavier baboon …

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African Buffalo in Tanzania

African Buffalo

African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) Swahili: nyati. Shoulder height: 140 cm; weight: 700 kg …

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African Civet in Tanzania

African Civet

This stocky, long-haired, rather feline creature of the African night is primarily carnivorous, feeding on small animals and carrion as well as fruit …

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African Elephant in Tanzania

African Elephant

The world’s largest land animal, the African elephant is intelligent, social and often very entertaining to watch …

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Angola Colobus in Tanzania

Angola Colobus

Angola colobus (Colobus angolensis) Swahili: mbega mweupe. Length (excluding tail): 60–70 cm, weight: 10–16 kg …

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Baboon in Tanzania


Baboon (Papio spp.) Swahili: nyani. Shoulder height: 50–75 cm; weight: 25–45 kg …

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Black-and-white Colobus in Tanzania

Black-and-white Colobus Monkey

This beautiful jet-black monkey has bold white facial markings and beard, a long white tail and in some races white sides and shoulders …

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Black-backed Jackal in Tanzania

Black-backed Jackal

The black-backed (or silver-backed) jackal is an opportunistic feeder capable of adpting to most habitats …

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Black Rhinoceros in Tanzania

Black Rhinoceros

Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) Swahili: kifaru. Shoulder height: 160 cm; weight: 1,000 kg …

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Blue Monkey in Tanzania

Blue Monkey

This most variable of African monkeys is also known as the samango and Sykes’ monkey, or the diademed or white-throated guenon …

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Blue Wildebeest in Tanzania

Blue Wildebeest

This rather ungainly antelope, also called the brindled gnu, is easily recognised by its dark coat and bovine appearance …

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Bush Babies in Tanzania

Galagos (bushbabies)

Galagos (bushbabies) (Galago and Otolemur spp.) Swahili: komba. Length (excluding tail): up to 45 cm; weight: up to 500 g …

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Bushbuck in Tanzania


This attractive antelope, a member of the same genus as the kudu and sitatunga, shows great regional variation in colouring …

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Chimpanzee in Tanzania


This distinctive black-coated ape, along with the bonobo (Pan paniscus) of the southern Congo, is more closely related to humans than to any other living creature …

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Coke’s Hartebeest in Tanzania

Coke’s Hartebeest

Coke’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus cokii) Swahili: kongoni. Shoulder height: 125 cm; weight: 120–150 kg …

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Common Duiker in Tanzania

Common Duiker

This anomalous duiker holds itself more like a steenbok and is the only member of its family to occur outside of forests …

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Common Eland in Tanzania

Common Eland

It is widely distributed in East and southern Africa, and small herds may be seen almost anywhere in grassland or light woodland …

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Common Jackal in Tanzania

Common Jackal

Common jackal (Canis aureus) Swhahili: mbweha. Shoulder height: 40–50 cm; weight: 8–14 kg …

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Common Zebra in Tanzania

Common Zebra

Common zebra (Equus burchelli) Swahili: punda milia. Shoulder height: 130 cm; weight: 300–340 kg …

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Forest Duiker in Tanzania

Forest Duiker

Duikers are small to diminutive antelope with slightly hunched backs and a preference for forest undergrowth, where they are less often seen than they are heard crashing through the undergrowth …

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Genet in Tanzania


Genet (Genetta spp.) Swahili: kanu. Shoulder height: 20–40 cm; weight: 1.5–3 kg. Often but erroneously referred to as cats, the members of this taxonomically controversial genus are all very similar in appearance …

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Gerenuk in Tanzania


Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) Swahili: swala twiga. Shoulder height: 90–105 cm; weight: 35–50 kg …

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Giraffe in Tanzania


Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) Swahili: twiga. Shoulder height: 250–350 cm; weight: 1,000–1,400 kg …

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Grant’s gazelle in Tanzania

Grant’s Gazelle

Grant’s gazelle (Gazella granti) Swahili: swala granti. Shoulder height: 75–95 cm; weight: 35–75 kg …

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Greater kudu in Tanzania

Greater Kudu

Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) Swahili: tandala. Shoulder height: 140–155 cm; weight: 180–250 kg …

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Hippopotamus in Tanzania


Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) Swahili: kiboko. Shoulder height: 150 cm; weight: 2,000 kg …

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Honey badger in Tanzania

Honey Badger and other Mustelids

Honey badger and other mustelids Swahili: nyegere. Shoulder height: 30 cm; weight: 12 kg. Also known as the ratel, the honey badger (Mellivora capensis) is a black mustelid (member of the weasel family) with a puppyish face and grey-to-white back …

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Impala in Tanzania


This slender, handsome antelope is superficially similar to some gazelles, but in fact belongs to a separate family …

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Kipunji monkey in Tanzania

Kipunji Monkey

Kipunji monkey (Rungwecebus kipunji) Swahili: unknown. Length (excluding tail): 85–90 cm; weight: 10–16 kg …

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Kirk’s dik dik in Tanzania

Kirk’s Dik-Dik

Kirk’s dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii) Swahili: digidigi. Shoulder height: 35–45 cm; weight: 6–8 kg …

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Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) Swahili: mbuze mawe. Shoulder height: 60 cm; weight: 13 kg …

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Lesser Kudu

Lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) Swahili: tandala ndogo. Shoulder height: 95–105 cm; weight: 60–100 kg. The thinly distributed and skittish East African species largely restricted to a rid wooland …

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Several mongoose species occur in Tanzania, through some are too scarce and nocturnal to be seen by casual visitors …

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Nile Crocodile

The older Crocodilia dates back at least 150 million years, and fossil forms that live contemporaneously with dinosaurs and remarkably unchanged from their modern counterparts, of which the Nile crocodile regularly grows to a length of up to six metres …

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This widespread but uncommon grassland antelope looks much like a steenbok but stands about 10 cm higher at the shoulder and has an altogether more upright bearing …

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This regal, dry-country antelope is unmistakable with its ash-grey coat, bold black facial marks and flank stripe, and unique long, straight horns …

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Patas Monkey

Length (excluding tail): 75–85 cm; 7–12 kg. This localized terrestrial monkey is larger and spindlier than vervet, with an orange-tinged coat and black forehead stripe …

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Red Colobus

The status of this variable monkey is again controversial, with between one and ten species recognised by different authorities …

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Red-tailed Monkey

In Tanzania, it is primarily restricted to western forests in the vicinity of lakes Tanganyika and Victoria …

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Reedbuck (Redunca spp.) Swahili: tohe. Shoulder height: 65–90 cm; weight: 30–65 kg. The three species of reedbuck are all rather nondescript fawn-grey antelopes generally seen in open grassland near water …

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Roan Antelope

Roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) Swahili: korongo. Shoulder height: 120–150 cm; weight: 250–300 kg …

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Sable Antelope

Sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) Swahali: pala hala. Shoulders height: 135 cm; weight: 230 kg. The male sable is jet black with a white-striped face, underbelly and rump, and long decurved horns …

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Sanje Mangabey

Sanje mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei) Swahili: unknown. Length (excluding tail): 50–65 cm; weight: 7–9 kg …

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Side-striped Jackal

It is distributed throughout Tanzania, often favourting miombo woodland, but most likely to be seen in the southern reserves …

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Tanzania’s Rubondo island is one the few palces where it is readily observed. It is among the most sexually dimorphic of African antelopes …

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Spotted Hyena

Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) Swahili: fisi. Shoulder height: 85 cm; weight: 70 kg. Sociable and fascinating to observe, the spotted hyena lives in loosly structured clans of about ten animals …

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Like most other antelopes of its size, the steenbok is normally encountered singly or in pairs and tends to (freeze) when disturbed …

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Striped Hyena and Aardwolf

A predominantly North African species, the striped hyena is pale brown with several dark vertical streaks andn striking off-black mane …

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Thomson’s Gazelle

Thomson’s gazelle (Gazella thomsonii) Swahili: swala tomi. Shoulder height: 60 cm; weight: 20–25 kg. Gazelles are gracefull, relatively small antelope that generally occur in large herds in open country, and have fawn-brown upper parts and a white belly …

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Basically a darker version of the hartebeest but with striking yellow lower legs and straighter horns, this widespread but thinly and patchily distributed and also known as the tsessebe, occur alongside the much paler Coke’s hartebest in Serengeti National Park, where it is common …

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