Most travelers arrive in Tanzania through Dar es Salaam airport. Many airlines fly directly to Dar es Salaam from Europe,
but there are no direct flights from the United States. KLM offers a daily flight to Dar es Salaam from Amsterdam's Schiphol
airport as well as Emirates daily flights from Dubai. Other airlines that fly there frequently are Air Tanzania, Emirates,
Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways, Fast Jet, South African Airways, and Swiss Air. Turkish Airlines flies from Istanbul to
Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro. Oman Air flies to Dar es Salaam via Muscat and then on to Zanzibar. Qatar Airways flies to
Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar via Doha. British Airways flies to Dar es Salaam via Doha. Air Tanzania has daily flights to Dar es Salaam
from destinations within East Africa.
Julius Nyerere International Airport is about 13 km (8 miles) from the city center. Plenty of
white-color taxis are available at the airport and will cost you about Tsh 30,000 (US$18) to the city
center. There is a board detailing the standard rates, but this will be more expensive if you have not
organized your own taxi. Most hotels will send drivers to meet your plane, if arranged in advance,
although this will cost more. Taxis to Msasani Peninsula, a bay to the north of the city where many of
the hotels listed in this guide are located, cost about Tsh 40,000 (US$24). Prices can usually be
negotiated. Traffic into the city is notorious, especially during rush hours.
The major charter companies run daily shuttles from Dar es Salaam to popular tourism destinations, such
as Serengeti. Keep in mind that you probably won’t get to choose the charter company you fly
with. The aircraft you get depends on the number of passengers flying and can vary from very small
(you’ll sit in the co-pilot’s seat) to a much more comfortable commuter plane. Those with a
severe fear of small planes might consider road travel instead, although distances are far and the
roads are very bumpy. Due to the limited space and size of the aircraft, charter carriers observe
strict luggage regulations: luggage must be soft-sided and weigh between 15 and 20 kg (33 to 44 pounds)
depending on the plane.
Check current requirements with the nearest Tanzanian High Commission, Embassy or Consulate in your
country. A visa can be acquired on arrival in Tanzania. Currently the cost is $50. Make sure you have
a valid passport.
In case of any changes in Visa regulations, you will be informed.
Lightweight summer clothing in cotton or linen is ideal for most of the year in Tanzania. In winter a
jumper, fleece or jacket is also needed, especially in the mornings and evenings. Try to wear light,
neutral colours like brown, beige or khaki that help to deflect the harsh sun and blend in with the
background. Remember to pack long-sleeved shirts and trousers for the evenings to reduce the chances of
mosquito bites. Tsetse flies are attracted to dark and navy blue and so avoid this in the interest of
your comfort. For the most part, African safari destinations are tropical and warm in the daytime,
although parts of Tanzania can be extremely cold on winter game drives during the mornings and
Days on safari are generally hot and you will most likely find yourself wearing shorts and a t-shirt.
In the early mornings and evenings long sleeved shirts and trousers are recommended, both to take the
bite out of the chilly air and to protect you from mosquitoes. Should you be particularly sensitive to
the sun, a loose cotton shirt is essential during the day, as is a good sunscreen. For those colder
winter mornings always remember that layering your clothing helps keep you warm and is a convenient way
to ensure you are wearing what you need as the day heats up.
The temperature in Tanzania tends to be cooler in June and July, heating up considerably in September
and October, prior to the short rains in November, by which time it can very humid, especially in the
south. For safari, it is best to pack hardy, durable clothing. Remember that many lodges offer a
laundry service (often included in the price) so you should only need two or three changes of clothing
per three or four-night safari. For footwear, we recommend sturdy walking shoes/trainers that are
completely enclosed. If trekking in the Mahale Mountains, socks long enough to tuck into trousers are
required. Toiletries such as soap, shampoo and even insect repellent are offered at all good lodges and
hotels so there is no need to over pack on these items. We also recommend taking some basic medical
supplies including Anthisan, Imodium, insect repellent, plasters and sun cream.
Please be aware that Africans will not wash ladies’ underwear and instead provide soap powder in the
room for your own use. On safari one soft-sided bag per person is recommended. Local domestic flights
in Tanzania all have a restriction and travellers may be made to pay for an extra seat on a charter
flight if the luggage is heavier than 15kg including camera equipment. There can be no exceptions,
unless extra seats are booked in advance.
Requirements for driving in Tanzania are a valid national licence provided it carries a recent
photograph or an International Drivers Licence. The roads between major cities and towns in Tanzania
are spacious and well paved. Getting to more remote locations, involves driving over dirt roads that
tend to deteriorate during the rainy season. Roads and junctions are not always well marked.
Almost all the hotel, lodges and tented camps have some good shops that sell a wide range of souvenirs,
jewelry and trinkets. Make use of those but don’t forget to bargain to get a good deal. Your
driver guide can also take you to Maasai market in Arusha town, where you can get the best souvenirs at
the most reasonable prices as this is where most tourist shops buy their stock to sell (ONLY IF YOU
REQUEST). The most sought after souvenirs are wood carvings, curios, paintings, batiks and
“Tanzanite”, (A gemstone available widely at souvenirs shops).
Tanzania is generally a safe, stable and friendly country but don’t invite temptation. Keep your
eye on your belongings. Don’t walk in the towns or cities at night — take a taxi.
Don’t carry cameras or large amounts of cash, and beware of pickpockets and hawkers especially at
the country’s border-crossings and other crowded places like markets and bus stations. Use the
hotel safety deposit box to safeguard valuables and obtain a receipt. Leave your expensive jewelry at
Swahili is the National Language, originating from Arab and Bantu (an indigenous tribal language) and
it is spoken by over 95% of the Tanzanians. English is widely spoken but a few Swahili words will even
be more appreciated. Most people in the tourism industry speak English plus one other foreign language.
Tipping in Tanzania
Tipping is an integral part of Tanzanian life but is entirely optional and only recommended if you are
satisfied with the service you have received.